Landowners in Ethiopia are defending their financial income opportunities from rising temperatures and lack of rain in the midst of civil unrest. Currently standing as the most densely populated African nation, Ethiopia has a multitude of humanitarian problems to resolve, including The Tigray conflict, environmental catastrophes, food insecurity, and global pandemics.

Publically, the Ethiopian legislation recently established a military operation against the Tigray part of the country after a suspected assault on a government military base by the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). The governing party of the Tigray area, which ruled the country in the centralized Ethiopian government until 2018, is widely recognized as the TPLF party. Mounting tensions throughout the course of months of feuds between the central government and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front eventually culminated in a declaration of armed conflict as civil unrest rises to an all-time high. 

Despite the announcement of victory on the centralized government’s part after a seventeen-day long duration of gunfights and bloodshed, and despite their reoccupation and control of vital positions throughout the country, the war rages on in provincial locations of the region. This continued armed conflict is a persisting problem that significantly affects (if not directly takes) the lives of innocent communities of hard-working farmers who are simply struggling with already-desperate circumstances to feed their familiars and simply survive the worsening weather conditions.

Many organizations provide free healthcare and relief goods for people who have lost their homes and families to this conflict, and a handful of humanitarian organizations are on missions to aid in the relief of their suffering however possible. It has been reported that a massive amount of refugees have migrated from the Tigray area to nearby Sudan, even in the midst of a complete loss of communication with Ethiopia. Upon their arrival, the massacres, mass famine, atrocious war crimes, and serious trauma have been reported from within the regions. The ICR provides safe drinking water, sanitation, hygiene, and other critical facilities for the displaced citizens of the city of Tigray, as the initials stand for the “International Rescue Committee”. This is consistent with the traditional crisis and advancement campaign of the IRC to provide assistance to Eritrean immigrants residing in four colonies in the Shire region of Tigray.

On top of this, many growers derive their primary source of food and revenue from the products which they farm off of the land and form farm animals. This suggests that a poor yield lacking resources will lead households to eventual starvation, as kids fall out of the educational system and further into the clutches of extreme poverty. This aspect of the crisis in Ethiopia is discussed in Byron Conner’s book titled “The Face of Hunger”.

By supporting communities to control their losses throughout the process of their continued harvesting seasons, the R4 Rural Resilience project addresses this and is among the many humanitarian organizations dedicating to aiding these farmers in need. Aside from the fact that it stimulates morale that may motivate landowners, it only makes complete sense as well; risk control requires much less delivery support in an emergency.

Since global warming raises the unpredictability of the atmosphere, delays in rainfall and subsequent famine mean that a farmers’ life is more precarious, on top of the threat of getting caught up in the crossfire. The R4 Project aids farmers in adjusting themselves to the changing climate by using four basic tools: climatological protection for their fields, the availability of credit, funding for investments, and the rehabilitation of the ecosystem. These basic measures offer farm owners profit supports by insurance, deposits, and small companies in which they can depend on if their crop yields are desperately low. It allows families and villages to start enterprises, to invest in their farms, and to be able to cope with their crops’ failure if they ever have a bad harvest. 

The Consortium for Capacity Building (CCB) aids the citizens of the Tigray region in bouncing back from a continuously misfortunate onslaught of natural disasters and poor weather conditions that have devastated their crops and livestock, and today, this organization focuses on teaching farmers and communities about the value of sustainable farming methods for microgreens and a wide array of other crops. Their agricultural mission for displaced Ethiopians in Sudan aids them in cultivating their own sustenance and blessing them with the necessary skills to continue doing so when they are able to resituate back into their homelands.

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